I’ve been using Bazaar for over 6 years, distributed version control was for me, a huge improvement over what we used previously, Subversion, which was itself a huge improvement over CVS.
Twice, we’ve thought about branching, and twice, we’ve ended up with the same basic strategy.
We want to have active development on trunk, a staging deployment, mainly to test code with a production-like setup (and data volumes), and a production release.
The production release has been scheduled as often as a week (and we’ve had more frequently than that), but has sometimes been a month or more apart (after we got out of initial development of features).
What we ended up with was three main branches, named for their deployment environments, with trunk, production and staging branches.
Show-stopper defects found in staging are fixed in staging, and the fix merged back to trunk, same for production.
Trunk is almost always deployable, but, we don’t currently use feature-flags to hide “part-baked” functionality in production, and we rarely use long-lived feature branches to develop features against.
All features/fixes are branches from trunk, and committed right back to trunk once they’ve been reviewed, this approach can sometimes lead to “super-branches”, huge branches which incorporate everything from the infrastructure to the UI, and these are problematic to review, I can definitely recommend keeping branches below 200 lines of diff for ease of reviewing.
Instead of feature-flags, we’ve tended to build from the bottom-up, so…put in the infrastructure to support the UI, and then add the UI at the end.
This hasn’t always worked well, mainly because it’s often that only seeing the UI that a user has their requirements solidified…and that can mean some rework, we’ve gotten round that by having pre-merge-to-trunk customer acceptance demos, but even this can be a bit tricky, as the user doesn’t get to use the software themselves, generally they’re getting a screen-shared demo.
We rarely have show-stopper-fix-in-production bugs, most issues are things that can make their way through the trunk-staging-production process